Travel Guide: Busan
Nestled between the misty mountain ranges and the newly renovated beaches is South Korea’s second largest city, one which boasts everything one would expect from a global cultural centre. Busan proudly displays both its extraordinary natural beauty as well as the resources it provides, with a bounty of each and every fish and crustacean on a side-street menu. The urban sprawl of Busan has developed from humble beginning to an international film festival for which an entire city square has been named for, and brought the city into international contention.
South Korea’s second largest city is firmly tucked up at the very bottom of the Yeongnam region against the southern coast from which the city has developed.
The city itself is spread along the coast with attractions found from one end to the other. The incredibly efficient public transportation makes travelling through the city a breeze although it could take a while.
The temple which claims to be the “most beautiful temple in Korea” is located at the cliff edge on the southern tip of the Korean peninsula. Haedong Yonggungsa was built back in 1376 by the royal consultant Naong Hyegeun, the man who lay the foundation for Buddhism during the Joseon era (1392-1910). This very temple was constructed out of nothing more than a dream.
Naong was said to be at Bunhwangsa Temple in Gyeongju while the country was suffering a terrible drought which resulted in crop destruction and famine. As the people of Korea began loosing faith in Buddhism, Naong dreamt that a sea god told him he should build a temple at the edge of Bongrae Mountain to solve the problems the country was facing.
The temple itself was right up against the coast, with the waves essentially crashing against it. Statues of the Buddha and various halls were placed along various points across the cliffs. The sound of crashing waves became the rhythmic beat to the chanting of prayers across the temples grounds.
When taking the subway, take the Busan Subway Line 2 to Haeundae Station. Once you alight from Haeundae Station, go to Exit 7. From Exit 7, walk straight and find the nearest bus stop. Look for bus 181 which will take you to the temple.
Beomeosa Temple is nestled amongst the forest blanketed mountain side of Geumjeongsan Mountain, constructed by monk Ui Sang in 678 during King Munmu’s reign, the very king who’s tomb lays off the coast of Gyeongju. The temple has been home to many devoted monks since its restoration in 1613 after being destroyed during the Imjin War, and sees a regular loyal gathering of Buddhist and worshipping visitors alike.
Upon entering the temple grounds, it becomes immediately obvious its a still-functioning temple. After passing through several gates you’ll enter the courtyard where there are several halls within, including Daeungjeon Hall, a fine example of Joseon Dynasty design. Within these halls and all the way around them you’ll be greeted with the site of worshippers kneeling and praying to the tune of Buddhist monks tapping away.
Its fascinating to sit back and watch the amazing spectrum of devotees worshipping in the tranquil soundtrack of nature and murmured prayers. It an awe-inspiring place to observe. All which is in the spectacular enclosed nature of the forest covered mountainside of Geumjeongsan which surround it.
The temple like others found in Korea offers a completely unique opportunity to experience your own enlightenment. Beomeosa partakes in the temple-stay program, which gives opportunity to visitors to experience Buddhist culture and daily life.
Its possible to explore outside of the temple into the surrounding area, delving into the wilderness. There’s a guided pathway through the surrounding forestry which holds an untold number of plant species. So beautiful in-fact that the surrounding woodland and valleys have been designated a natural monument. Not surprising.
To get here requires a combination of subway and bus, but incredibly efficient. Take the subway along Line 1 to Beomeosa Station Exit 5 or 7. From here you should be able to spot a sign directing you to the bus stop needed. From that stop you need to take bus number 90 to Beomeosa Ticket Office Bus Stop.
Price: Adult – 1,000 Won
Teenagers – 700 Won
Children – 500 Won
Gamcheon Culture Village
This really is an extraordinary site to behold, a truly quirky yet oddly beautiful site. Gamcheon Culture Village has the unusual opposing views of clear “slum life” yet visually fascinating vibrant pastel colours bathing the entire mountainside downwards towards the coast. This has earned the village the nickname of “Machu Picchu of Busan“.
The beautification of the area came from the efforts of students in 2009 which turned this once mountainside slum into one of Busan’s biggest tourist destinations. The make-over resulted in practically every structure being given a non-conformable bright colour and artwork found on building-sides, roads and the stairways in-between. The results speak for themselves.
This is very much a quirky attraction and certainly one of the best photo opportunities that the area has to offer. An extraordinary amount of buildings stacked upon each other linked with narrow steep walkways that lead down towards the coast. With the plastic surgery came an influx of business in the form of galleries, cafe’s, nick-nack stores and everything welcomed to keep increasing the area’s economy.
Take the subway (Line 1) to Toseong Station (Exit 6). From here go to the bus stop in front of the hospital where you’ll take a local bus (numbers Saha 1-1, Seogu 2 or Seogu 2-2) which will take you all the way (₩900). Bare in mind it can be quite difficult to make out which bus you’re supposed to take. If you’re lucky, a lot of the time the bus will have a sign on it (either on the front or the side) saying “Gamcheon Village”.
Bare in mind, these are local buses, so basically mini-buses. For a man of my size, this is a problem when you’re unable to stand-up straight in one. ALSO, South Korean bus drivers are fucking mental! Every driver believes he’s in control of a 4-wheeled drive sports car, flying around corners to the disadvantage of the older women in the back.
Yet another huge highlight Busan has to offer is a humble fish market, Jagalchi Market. This is a destination which you can smell much before its seen. Solidified as a purely fish orientated market following the Korean war, this place holds the title of the biggest fish market in all of Korea. Busan’s booming development is put down to the advantage of its coastal location and the harvest of the sea. The influence of the market has seeped into the surrounding streets with every merchant flogging their own display of sea life on offer for your consumption.
Within the building, you’ll find three rows of endless aquariums separated to each individuals personal storefront. A classic scene from scooby-Doo where the vendors and aquatic life repeats themselves seemingly to infinity. Absolutely any and every fish, crustacean and everything in-between can be found. Everything you’d expect to see: clams, monstrous crabs and lobsters all manner of fish (some of which are simply enormous) and things that are completely unidentifiable.
This market even has a bonus upstairs. Not only do you get the spectacular display of aquatic life for sale, they’ll also cook whatever you buy! Simply pick and pay for your preferred option from the selection of seemingly hundreds of female vendors. You might notice that most of the merchants are woman, who are actually known as “Jalgchi Ajumma”, translated harshly as Jagalchi middle-aged women. These lovely women will then lead you upstairs while carrying your selection before handing them to the chefs upstairs where they’ll prepare it for you in classic Korean fashion with all the trimmings.
Take the subway on Line 1 to Jagalchi Station Exit 10. From there turn right onto Jagalchi 3(sam)-gil Street and walk along it for 5 minutes.
Open: 5am-10pm, every day except for the last Tuesday of every month.
UN Memorial Cemetery
The United Nations Memorial Cemetery is the only existing UN cemetery. This enormous site is dedicated to over 2000 fallen members of the UN during the Korean war (1950-53). Within are open fields of segregated groups represented with the nations flag along with their victims graves and monuments.
The most surprising thing about the cemetery is the staggering amount of nations flags that flutter throughout the grounds of the cemetery. Flags of 16 nations flutter throughout the grounds of the cemetery indicating the vast number of nations that were involved in the conflict. Every country were fighting under the banner of the UN, which included some of the more obscure nations. Some surprising casualty nations include Thailand, New Zealand, Greece, Columbia and even Ethiopia.
Some nations have also dedicated some fascinating monuments commanding each nations groups of graves, mostly from the nations that received the highest number of casualties. Australia, Canada, USA, Turkey and New Zealand ar just a few examples of countries who had dedicated monuments to their fallen. One of the largest monuments would be those that included the names of the British vicitims to the war. Its surprising to learn how much the UK was involved. Other than South Korea and the US, Britain received the highest number of casualties.
Before entering the cemetery, a UN officer guarding the gate will approach and ask your nationality before granting you access into the monumentally large grounds. Along with the staggering number of grave-sites, within you’ll also find the Memorial Service Hall and Memorabilia Hall, providing some more history to why the fallen lay here. There are also a number of other monuments, including the Wall of Remembrance, which holds the name of every lost soul.
To get there you have two options: 1) Take bus number 68 from Seomyeon bus station to the UN Park Bus Stop 2) Take bus number 134 from Busan Bus Station to the same stop.
Open: May-Sep 9am-6pm; Oct-Apr 9am-5pm
This is one of the biggest highlights Busan has to offer, standing as a monument to the city. Taejongdae park is found on the southern tip of the little gem of an island; Yeongdo. Taejongdae was named for King Taejong Mu-Yeol of the Silla Kingdom (604-661) who would chose this place as his favourite spot to practice his archery. Here you’ll find an incredible picturesque opportunity to trek along the coast on the well maintained roads and regular wooden decks.
The most notable attraction to this park is the outstanding natural beauty on display. The park provides an incredible view back across the coast on either side of Busan, showcasing one of the most beautiful cities in the world. A humble development restrained by the monstrous rise and falls of the untouched misty mountain ranges.
The park holds a number of individual attractions, some of which hold their own myth. At the very tip of the island you’ll find Yeongdo lighthouse, the best photo opportunity the park has to offer. Beneath the lighthouse is a rock named Sinseon Rock. This particular rock is named for the myth that this was gods and goddesses prime place for relaxation. At this rock is also a statue called Mangbuseok, which was dedicated to the story of a woman who would stand there waiting for her husband to return after being taken to Japan. Other treats include two temples on either side of the park; Gumyeongsa and Taejongsa Temple.
The walk can become tiring up the regular rise and falls, however there is relief for the lazy amongst you. There is a regular “train” driving in-between all the sites worth seeing. You’re both able to enjoy the spectacular sites at sunset, and the lighthouse at its full potential during the night. There is also a regular ritual of praying for rain during times of drought. Rain on the 10th day of the 5th lunar month is known as the “Taejong Rain”
From Busan Bus Station there are a number of buses available towards Taejongdae Cliff Bus Station; number 8, 13,30, 88 or 101.
Open: Mar-Oct – 4am-12am
Nov-Feb – 5am-12am
Once home to two humble cinemas built following the nations liberation following Japanese rule, following a major renovation for the upcoming Busan International Film Festival transformed the area. Today its as substantially flash as the name would suggest. Not only has the make-over done wonders for the Korean film industry, but has also gone a long way to put Busan on the map as an International city.
Marking the advancements in the Korean film industry, BIFF square represents Busan’s status as an international cultural city. You’ll also find a mini walk-of-fame. Mostly representing names of majour Korean stars, there are a few famous names with the likes of Willem Dafoe and Oliver Stone.
The squares renovations and advancements has spread across the surrounding area, bringing with it the congregation of high-class stores and flash advertisements. Along the streets you’ll also find orderly lines of snack stalls of all variety, conveniently segregated to their own sections. One for the fish, snacks, and trinkets.
To get there, take the subway Line 1 to Jagalchi Station Exit 7
Noticeable from all around Busan, it stands at 120 meters as a talisman for the city. The spectacularly illuminated tower has been designed to model a Pagoda at Bulguksa Temple in Gyeongju. The tower also offers an opportunity to mount its peak and observe the expanse of the city and the coast.
It will also provide an equally incredible site at night, glowing in consecutive colours. Along with the tower you’ll find several other unique pieces of architecture such as the Bell of the Citizens and a flower clock. There are also a few monuments, none greater than the statue of the Great Admiral Yi Sun-sin.
As well as the tower itself, its surrounded by monuments such as a statue of the Great Admiral Yi Sun-sin, the bell of the Citizens and a monument to the independence activists Baeksan An Hee-je.
There are a number of options to get there. Firstly is by taking the subway on Line 1 to Nampo Station Exit 7. From here walk along Gwangbok-ro Street about 150 meters before you find an escalator taking you to the park. There are also a number of possible entry points surrounding the park if you happen to find yourself at the right spot.
Price: Free (for the park)
Observation deck: Adults – 8,000 Won
Children – 6,000 Won
In a city exploring each and every avenue which they can develop into a bustling multi-functional city, this beach has become the pinnacle in beachfront property in the city. Undergoing a major cleaning program, and the addition of countless restaurants and branded stores has brought this beach into the forefront as the choice spot for many young Koreans.
Busan has a fair share of beaches (7 in-fact) along its modernising shoreline, providing plenty of beach day opportunities. However Gwangalli beach can claim to be one of the best, from here you’ll be provided the best possible view of Gwangan Bridge.
The shore-line really comes to life when the sun goes down, as the light show begins. This incredible piece of architecture crossing the city’s coast has been a popular site for any tourist’s camera. It has been made even more of a fantastic view at night, with the addition of hundreds of LEDs which now beam the bridge alight.
Many will even wait until the sun goes down before visiting the beach, as this is the best spot to get the best view of Gwangandaegyo Bridge in all its glory.
As the beach is a little outside the centre of the city, you can either take the bus or subway. By subway, take Line 2 to Geumryeon Station Exit 1 or 3 where you’ll then have a little walk to the beach. Your other option is to take the bus. You can take buses number 1, 38, 41, 62, 83, 83-1 or 108 to Gwangalli Beach Bus Stop.
Busan is a major metropolitan centre, coming with all the necessary transportation centres you’d expect. From Flights to trains and buses, the city has it all covered. With South Korea being somewhat of a compact country and very efficient road networks, travelling from one side of the country takes a matter of hours. Naturally as always, the bus is your cheapest option available.
Gimhae International Airport is just a short metro ride out of the city of Busan, and links up to nations across Asia. Here are a random selection of surrounding capitals as an example (prices all based over an average 3 months in advance for one-way tickets):
Tokyo – £65 – 1hr 50mins
Hong Kong – £98 – 3hrs 25mins
Beijing – £122 – 2hrs 15mins
Bangkok – £166 – 5hrs 20mins
Much like all the other major cities in the country, it is well connected with the incredibly efficient and fast railway network which links the entire country.
Seoul – £15-45 – 2hrs 42mins
Daegu – £5-13 – 57mins
Gyeongju – £5-15 – 2hrs 2 mins
Busan also has an equally vast number of bus routes which links it to the rest of the country.
Seoul – £15-28 – 4hrs 15min
Daegu – £4-8 – 1hr 10mins
Gyeongju – £3-5 – 1hr
Ulsan – £7-8 – 1hr 18min
Luckily Busan has an incredibly reliable and extensive subway network which covers the entire city. Most of the attractions worth seeing can be travelled to via one of the subway lines. If not, then the equally efficient bus system will get you the rest of the way.
Busan also has an extensive public bus network that covers ranges further than the subway lines. Despite it always being a bit of a challenge trying to figure out which bus routes to take, most free travel maps and even hostel staff will know or be able to work out which numbers you need to take. Why not also check out the info found earlier on in this guide?
Being an enormous metropolitan city, there are plenty of accommodation options available through all price ranges. Prices for hostels start from £8 but start rising quickly. They are also clustered in throughout the city in the most touristy areas.
There is an even more extensive selection of motels, guesthouses and hotels spread across the main areas of Busan, however can get pretty expensive.
Busan, much like most other regions throughout South Korea comes with its own local flavour and speciality food. Some of which include “Hoe”, a sample fresh raw fish, Dwaeji Gukbap (pork soup), Milmyeon (cold noodles) and Ssiat Hotteok (sweet pancakes) for desert.
You would miss an enormous opportunity if you left Busan without sampling the freshly caught local produce for which the city is famous for. There are few better opportunities than those found at Jagalchi Market.